Bookbinding

For binding a book first you have to get 4 sheets of whatever size and fold them in half and put them in blocks of 6 pages.

IMG_4594Then you have to poke holes in each block – (called a signature)

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This is the template i made up to make sure all of the holes are in line.IMG_4597

 

You can then start sewing each of the signatures together. Following a specific pattern.IMG_4598

After its all sewn you need to put some glue on the edge and press it together and leave it for a while so its a bit more sturdy.

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To keep mine pressed tight i used a heavy book on top of it and then left it overnight.

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Bendy problems

To attach the acetate to the card i thought i could use clear tape, but as you can see below this didn’t work out.IMG_4589

The acetate was too thick and didn’t fold properly and left a curve when it was pulled to the front. to resolve this if i score the acetate slightly it folds better. i have to be careful not to score it the whole way through though.IMG_4592 IMG_4591

Im happy with the orange colour though and how the acetate looks on it.IMG_4590

Below is a picture of the card. The original card shape is a big square. And i had to cut it down to an a4 size. As you can see below i cut it the wrong way and the fold didn’t work because its going the opposite way to the grain. i need to remember to cut the right size and have it running with the grain.

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Choosing colour

Because i was printing on acetate and colour didn’t look great i decided against using colour in my design and print it on colour instead. Below are some of the colours of card i thought would be a good colour IMG_4602IMG_4608Above is the background design printed on some of the colours. As you can see its a bit hard to see because the quality of the card isn’t great. But my favourite colour was the lighter orange, i also think this fits in really well with the idea of the krebs cycle as it talks about citrate.

So for my final design i will fold over an A4 page and attach acetate to the front half and then the back half will be attached to the book block.

 

Evaluation

At the beginning of this project i began looking at info graphics and wanted to create something a bit different to portray the current krebs cycle. I wanted something a bit quirky and began looking at circular info graphics. Throughout the project i was aiming the final product towards young adults. So wanted something mature and sophisticated, while also keeping their attention and not being boring. I liked the idea of using a circle and my initial ideas were to layer the different elements of the cycle alongside each other to show the evolution of the process.

Initially i had thought about printing on fabric but then i decided against that and opted for an interactive handout which had the elements of the process on acetate and the user would be able to flip each stage and only use the ones that they needed at that specific time. After my first prototype i was really unhappy with how it turned out. it looked awful and it was really flimsy and the hooks that i had used were really bulky so it wouldn’t neatly go inside a class work book. Also the whole design was messy and cluttered. With way to much information. At the beginning i wanted to include an explanation of what was happening at each point in the cycle but i couldn’t condense it down enough so after the prototype i decided to create something simple and symmetrical. It was good to see it printed and be able to feel it though. I did like the acetate because i felt it added another element and an extra texture but was unsure how to pursue it then i came across an image of a book with an acetate front and thought i could incorporate this idea and continue my flip design and but on the front cover and then the user could then write all their notes on the inside. I also thought this was a good idea because while studying at the Bauhaus last year i learnt how to book bind so it would be nice to be able to stitch my own book.

I had looked up information about ways to remember and help people learn and came across a term called chunking which was breaking down things into smaller parts so it was easier to remember. So this is what i was trying to do by having the acetate you could remove different elements when you didn’t need them. I also looked up a lot about colour psychology. after the prototype i realised that colour was not going to work that well with the acetate so i began thinking how i could incorporate colour and decided that i could print the background imagery onto card to be the front of the book. I choose some greens browns and oranges to begin with because, they were all quite positive colours which stimulated mental activity or was restful on the eye or was positive and earthy.

Throughout the whole project i feel that i struggled with the piece looking very messy possibly because i was trying to include so many elements and also because near the end i wanted to stay away from the traditional circle shape (now i know why most people stick to it!) I feel like i achieved a very clean design in the end through the use of grids during the process. I got some useful feedback during the project which helped me a lot, including that the layers was a good direction to go and then to de-clutter the whole piece and make it more symmetrical and pleasing to the eye. Looking back on my sketches i feel that my initial group of ideas all look similar to my final piece if they had all been combined. So maybe subconsciously i knew what i wanted to create the whole time!

Overall i feel the project went well, possibly if i knew a bit more about the krebs cycle and could have had a better understanding of it it would have went a bit better. But i feel like i created a really nice learning tool which is visually pleasing for the users. And i was also able to make it interactive which is what i really wanted from the beginning. Im pleased with the final book and really enjoyed being able to bind it myself.

Final display design inspiration

Now that I’m nearing the end of the project I’ve started to thing about the visuals of my final display graphic. I want to keep with the theme of the circles and i also want to keep it very minimalist and sleek. I want to use colour possibly some bright pastels? because there is not much colour in my info graphic it is mainly information and then it is printed on colour.

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Progression

Below are some of the screen grabs i took during making my info graphic, as you can see it changed quite drastically from start to finish but you can see the progression throughout. I wanted to incorporate colour but i found it hard as i knew i was going to be printing on acetate and from the early prototype i found that the colour really doesn’t show up that well. I chose the font early on and decided to keep it consistent even while all the placement and shapes were changing around it. I feel that its a really nice font called DINN and thought it was strong and prominent without being too in your face. i also knew it would work well smaller aswell. As you can see towards the end of these images i was really struggling with how to present the molecules and connecting enzymes, i found it really hard keeping it in an upright position and staying away from the traditional circle but i also feel that it looks really well and I’m quite happy with it.

Screen Shot 2015-01-04 at 01.38.14 Screen Shot 2015-01-04 at 01.52.36 Screen Shot 2015-01-04 at 01.54.41 Screen Shot 2015-01-04 at 01.54.49 Screen Shot 2015-01-04 at 01.46.41 Screen Shot 2015-01-04 at 01.49.24 Screen Shot 2015-01-04 at 02.28.30 Krebs mock up Screen Shot 2015-01-04 at 03.21.13 Krebs mock up4 Screen Shot 2015-01-04 at 04.39.26 Screen Shot 2015-01-04 at 04.01.23 Screen Shot 2015-01-04 at 04.13.47 Screen Shot 2015-01-04 at 20.02.49 Krebs mock up3 Screen Shot 2015-01-04 at 20.38.34 Screen Shot 2015-01-04 at 23.26.14 Krebs mock up5 copy Screen Shot 2015-01-05 at 20.57.32 Screen Shot 2015-01-05 at 22.12.28 Screen Shot 2015-01-05 at 22.12.43 Screen Shot 2015-01-05 at 22.43.15 Here in the final image i was still rearranging the type and the opacity of the background but felt that i had found a suitable position for most of the elements.

Acetate prototype take two

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So this is a really bad photo but you can see the almost final design (my notes are written all over the background page) Im quite happy with how this is shaping up. I like the hierarchy thats going on with the text and by using a grid i feel like i was able to make some interesting shapes and leading lines with the placement of all the text.

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At the beginning i really like how the structure looked alone and really wanted to incorporate it into the final design, so by changing the opacity and printing it on the background i think it worked really well. It also adds another visual element to the whole process of the cycle for users who learn better visually. The colour blue here is not final i want to go with a lighter colour but this was just to show the difference.

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molecule IMG_4579

The above pages were printed on acetate. (the table was too dark to show that its clear) and they flip on top of the background, i like that the user will be able to separate the elements, in accordance with what they want to know.

With this project i really wanted to create an interactive info graphic that fits the needs of different learners a long with simplifying the diagram and making it more aesthetically pleasing and i think i have accomplished that.